Biological Psychology: Neurophysiology and the functions of Neurons. Part 2

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The nervous system is made up of 2 types of cells, the gila and neurons. Gila cells gets it’s name from the Greek word for “glue”, as they provide structural support for neurons. The neurons function is processing communication and information. Both the neurons and gila work together to facilitate nervous system functions. The gila is classified by size. The largest are the macrogila, and the smaller one called microgila.  The macrogila are broken down into three types: astrocytes, oligdendrocytes, and Schwann cells which make up the myelin insulating covering of the axon fibers, made of proteins. Microgila functions as the brains clean up mechanism. when at rest these cells probe out with there branches to detect molecules that can cause cell damage from injury, a stroke or any other source that is damaging, the tiny cells of microgila move to the location of the injury and digest the damaging debris.

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Astrocytes have several support functions, while having  a close association with the blood stream by means of the capillaries. these cells or star shaped hence the name astro (meaning star) which provide structural support, regulation of the extracellular chemical environment at the synapse, as well as insolation of the synapse. Oligodendrocytes provide strucural support by  means of forming mylin on axions. Schwann cells form the mylin on the axions in the peripheral nervous system. Neurons are cells that specialize in processing information and communication of the nervous system.

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The Structure of Neurons: 

Neurons differ somewhat structurally from other cells as they have extending branches protruding from their cell body which are the axions and dendrites that are used to communicate with other cells. Axions carry signals to other cells. The structural support of the neuron is provided by the cytoskeleton, which is a network of filaments that provides the internal structure of the neuron.

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Dendrites: 

Many dendrites (Greek for tree) which serve as locations in which information from other neurons are received. At each synapse on a dendrite,  ligand-gated ion channels operate as receptor sites within the the neural membrane which interact with neurotransmitter molecules released by nearby neurons that float across the synaptic gap, a fluid filled space between the receiving and transmitting neurons.

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Axion:

Most of the neurons have many number of branches called dendrites, but usually have only on axion, which is responsible for carrying signals and messages to other neurons. The axion hillock which is a cone shaped segment of the axion at the junction of the axion and cell body (soma). Action Potentials (electrical signals) rise in the axion hillock and fire down the length of axion.

 

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Staying Cool and Dry in July: Summer Kool Apparel………

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                                                       Staying Cool and Dry in July

 

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Distressed Cotton T-shirt, Denim Chinos, Wheat belt, Cotton Red Shocks, Classic Espadrill Sneakers.

 

The “Cure” for the Summer Time Blues.

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Powder Blue Sateen Dress Shirt, Chambray Sports Coat, Patent leather Chelsea Boots, Blue White Dot Tie, White Chino Trousers, Black Wheat Belt.

 

Wacky Khaki………………………

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Long Sleeve Till Shirt, Cotton Blazer, Jack Trousers, Wheat Belt, Touch Screen Leather Smartwatch, Puma Ripstop Sneakers.

Let’s all stay Kool and Dry…By and By in July!!!

 

Singlehood and the Unmarried Gentleman.

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Being single and unmarried in an urban setting such as New York has many advantages, such as not having a significant other to answer to or worrying about getting home at a certain hour, in short there are no rules but your own.  Living independence and autonomy is the name of the game here.  Being male and single is important to many, as we are not “Tied Down” and can pursue our hobbies and interests at our own leisure without the hassle of relationships.

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Males who are single by choice like myself, have a mental well-being much better than if in a relationship.  While the myths of men who choose the single life, such as being self-centered, lonely, and that we just don’t care for others, is simply false. There are many friends and acquaintances that we care about and respect very much.  One of the stereotypes of single people is that they are afraid of commitment, which is not the case, many single men show great commitment to their work, studies, organizations, and hobbies.

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We live in a society that teaches us that we must get married by a certain age, and if we don’t than we have failed in something, marriage is not for everyone. While female companionship is nice on a short term basis, and having “open relationships” can work out quite well. Cohabitation is fine if the freedom to pursue and fulfill our own lifestyle, are not infringed upon.

 

Freedom and independence is of the utmost importance for such men. Being married is not what society has led us to believe, which is why the divorce rate is 50% in the U.S. Having two or more intimate female partners can be just as fulfilling, than a contemporary marriage, not to imply that marriage for some is not.

 

 

Cohabitation has become more widespread in the U.S. than ever before, as well as being more accepted.  As an alternative to marriage cohabitation is more suited for the type of male that enjoys being single, if the situation does not work out, than there is less mess and clutter to deal with.

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Being single and unmarried for some can be a great lifestyle for those gentlemen who prefer their freedom and independence, and choose to live life on their own terms.

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May Days of Men”s Fashion: Ending Spring trendy looks……

With Spring waning and Summer Waxing, these three end of Spring looks are perfect for the transition to the warmer months.

 

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Casual Linen V-neck Chinese Collar Long Sleeve T-shirt, Hugo Boss Orvin leather belt, Tokyo Silk Blend Tuxedo Trousers, Fossil Grant Sport Chronograph Two-Tone Stainless Steel Watch, Converse Chuck Taylor All Star high tops.

 

 

The Scene in Green: From Work Fashions for Fridays……

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Mens Classic Wrinkle Resistant Long Sleeve Button Down, Frye Luke Oxford (Green) Men’s Shoes, Slim-fit cotton trousers, (Chester) Men’s Belt, Wenger Green Men’s Swiss Off Road Olive Silicone Strap Watch.

All Week Business Chic……

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Geoffrey Beene Gunmetal Sateen Classic Fit Dress Shirt, Florsheim Big and Tall Pebble Grain Leather Belt (Black), Gaubert Grey // Cotton-mix-pants, Nobel Ankle Boots in Black Leather, Tissot Tissot PR 100 Stainless Steel Leather Watch.c

The Gentlemen’s Fashion Powers for April Showers.

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The Classy Casual Hours for April Showers.

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Well you know they say: those April shower’s bring the beautiful flowers, that bloom in the month of May! However until, than we have to stay dry and fashionable, and a gentleman’s work is never done, in work and play!

Top: Fletch solid raincoat, classic pink polo shirt, 1920’s Camel Hair Vintage Derby Hat, Rootbeer Color Boat Shoes, Blue Faded Straight Leg Jeans, Gamel Brown Leather Belt, London Vintage Beech Handle Umbrella.

(Business Casual as Usual)

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Short Heritag Trench Coat, Casual Business Long Sleeve Multi Color Dress Shirt, Tweed Skinny Tie, Slim Leg Leather Pants, Black Saffiano Belt, Brown Urban Watch, Black Plain Toe Oxford Leather Shoes.

Causal Chic for Those Hours of Weekend Showers:  (Weekend Ready April Rain Wear.)

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Powder Blue Twyford Button Raincoat, Long Sleeve Blue and White Stripe T-Shirt, Blue Men’s Baily Hat, Ribbed Skinny White Jeans, Brown Men’s Chester Belt, Striped Folding Umbrella, Blue Haste Oxford Shoes.

So how about that weather? Milder temperatures, scattered showers, stylish looks, and soon May flowers!

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Stay dry my friends, and always look sharp!

Biological Psychology: An Overview of Behavioral Neuroscience-Part 1

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Biological Psychology/Behavioral Neuroscience is the study of the human nervous system and the brain, in both homeostatic and pathological states. Biological neuroscientists try to get a broad understanding of the brains functions and how it translates to human thought processes and behavior. By working up from the Molecular-Cellular-Synaptic-Network-Behavioral levels in the nervous system the neuroscientist tracks the process from the DNA and RNA along with the gene expressions which produce proteins from polypeptide chains.

As far back as 7,000 years ago human skulls have been found with evidence of brain surgery. These ancient skulls had holes drilled in them, a technique known as “Trepanation”, and many of these skulls have been shown to have healing around the holes after receiving this procedure, suggesting that many patients survived this crude surgery in ancient times.

An ancient Egyptian text known as “The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus” which may be the oldest known medical journal in the world set forth many sophisticated observations about the nervous system, such as the absence of sensation in the human body, or paralysis was due to damage to the nerves, and listed in the text that these “conditions” were not to be treated, suggesting an understanding that damage was permanent. Greek scholars who studied the Egyptian medical journal in the 4th century put forth that the human brain was the seat of sensation. While Hippocrates correctly stated that epilepsy had its origin in the brain. In the 16th and 17th century in France, Rene Descartes put forward the perspective of “Mind-Body Dualism” which states that the mind is separate (nonphysical) and the body is mechanistic.

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(The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus)

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In the 20th century scientist like Camillo Golgi supported the idea that the nervous system was a vast array of interconnected network of fibers, and Santiago Ramon y Cajal set forth that the nervous system was constructed of separate and independent cells, and his concept was known as the “Neuron Doctrine”.

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Luigi Galvani experimented with frogs in a laboratory in his basement in which he demonstrated that electricity played a role in neural communication.

Other scientists, though respectable, like Franz Josef Gall and Johann Gasper Spurzheim in the 18th and 19th century was misguided when they put forth the science of “Phrenology”, in which they thought (in error) that the bumps on someone’s head could be used to correlate an individual’s personality and natural abilities. A bust of a human head was a guide which showed the location of the particular “trait” on the head, which is an example of very bad science.

 

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Hot Men’s Spring Fashions: Neo Victorian Trends.

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Spring Ahead This Vernal Equinox with These 2017 Neo Victorian Styles!

NEO-MOD VICTORIAN STYLE

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NEO-MOD VICTORIAN

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(Classic Fit Contrast Dress Shirt, Black Skinny Tie, Black and White Casual Lace Sneaker, Slim Tapered Stretch Black Denim Jeans, Victorian Inspired Over Coat.)

 

NEO-MOD VICTORIAN: Easy Casual Street Style

(Smart Black Velvet Skinny Trousers, Single Breasted Lapel Coat, Long Sleeve Grandad Collar T-Shirt, Patent Leather Chelsea Boots, Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic Watch.)

y[1]All Three Set’s: Styled and Curated by Mike Strange.

 

The Mysterious Covert Murders of Holistic Health Doctors: Who Discovered that Cancer and Many Diseases are Man-made to Reduce the Human Population.

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Dr. Jeffrey Bradstreet a respected and trusted health care professional whose son at 1 years old developed brain damage after receiving an MMR vaccination, which compelled  Dr. Bradstreet to research the connection between vaccinations and autism. After discovering the correlation of the two, he testified before Congress not once but twice. Dr. Bradstreet than starting working with a protein compound called “Gc-MAF” which is a protein that the human body produces naturally, which uses vitamin D to empower macrophages (Cell-eating) that the leukocytes (white blood cells) of the human immune system utilizes to fight off infections and disease. Gc-MAF was being produced at a medical laboratory in Switzerland as treatment for autism, cancer, and a host of other terminal diseases. The treatment of Gc-MAF was actually curing 90% of diseases, and the other 10% of extreme cases of disease was reduced tremendously.

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Dr. Jeffrey Bradstreet became “missing” back in June 2015, and was later found dead from a gunshot wound in the chest face down floating in a river in North Carolina, Dr. Bradstreet lived in Florida. The local law enforcement quickly ruled it a suicide, despite Dr. Bradstreet’s family declaring foul-play and attesting that Dr. Bradstreet was not in the least suicidal.

Dr. Nicholas J. Gonzalez who “focused a lot on holistic alternatives to radiation and on exposing the dangers and destructive history of the more than 100 chemotherapy drugs, revealing that they were developed from poisonous nerve gas.” Dr. Nicholas J. Gonzalez is well known for treating the “Three’s Company” actress “Suzanne Sommers” for cancer and after his treatments of Gc-MAF helped her beat it.  One month after the mysterious death of Dr. Jeffrey Bradstreet, Dr. Nicholas J. Gonzalez a New York based physician who was in excellent and outstanding health, suddenly and mysteriously “collapsed” and died which was listed in the medical report as “myocardial infarction” (heart attack), however the autopsy performed on him showed that his heart was healthy, and no signs of heart disease whatsoever.

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There has been a string of holistic doctors, performing “alternative treatments” who has been found dead or “missing” shortly, one right after the other:

June 21st

Dr. Bruce Hedendal and Dr. Baron Holt found dead on the East coast of Florida. Dr. Hedendal died in his car and Dr. Holt’s cause of death has yet to be officially determined.

June 29th

Dr. Theresa Sievers found murdered in her home.

Dr. Jeffrey Whiteside goes missing. Reports say he just “walked away.”

July 3rd

Dr. Patrick Fitzpatrick, MD, goes missing without a trace. His truck and trailer were found on the side of the road.

July 10th

Lisa Riley, Doctor of Osteopathy, found in her home with a gunshot wound to her head.

July 19th

Dr. Ron Schwartz found murdered by a gunshot wound to the chest in his home on the East Coast of Florida.

July 21st

Dr. Abdul-Karim, holistic dentist. Found dead on the side of the road at 10pm EST.

July 23rd

Dr. Jeffery Whiteside is found dead in Door County with a .22 caliber close to his body.

August 14th

Osteopath Dr. Mary Rene Bovier, found stabbed in her home in Sharon, Pennsylvania.

September 16th

Dr. Mitch Gaynor is found dead outside his country home outside of Manhattan where he practiced. The local sheriff quickly calls it a suicide.

October 11th

Dr. Marie Paas is found dead of an alleged suicide.

October 29th

Dr. Jerome Block “jumped” to his death from the Central Park West Apartments.”

The interesting thing that connects all these “Holistic Medical Doctors” is that they all have been researching and treating patients with Gc-MAF (Globulin component Macrophage Activating Factor).

“The following health conditions treatable with Gc-MAF, potentially a “universal cancer cure” substance:

Gc-MAF macrophage activation therapy is indicated in the treatment of any diseases where there is immune dysfunction or where the immune system is compromised, as in:

Cancer

Autoimmune diseases

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Herpes Simplex virus (HSV)

Cystitis

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Endometriosis

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)

Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis)

IgA deficiency disorder

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)

Mycobacteria infections

Parkinson’s disease

Tuberculosis

Fibromyalgia

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Lupus (Systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE)

HIV AIDS

Dengue fever

Pneumonia infection

Warts caused by viral infection

Norovirus

Malaria Influenza virus (flu)

Herpes simplex virus (HSV)

Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Chicken pox (varicella zoster virus)

Psoriasis

Respiratory tract infections

Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease

Type 1 diabetes (T1DM), insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM)

Type 1.5 diabetes, Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA)

And perhaps many more health conditions.”

“One of the things that Gc-MAF does is kill a protein made by all cancer cells called nagalase, which is excreted by cancer cells to disarm the human immune system. Nagalase causes immunodeficiency. It seems that most of the doctors who recently died mysterious deaths were connected to treatment practices that employed Gc-MAF to defeat the effects of nagalase and successfully boost the immune system’s ability to fight certain diseases.”

Dr. Bradstreet found that autistic children tended to have a highly elevated level of nagalase in their blood. He claimed to have tested over 400 autistic children for the viral marker nagalase, and found that close to 80% of them had significantly elevated levels. This would make sense as part of a dumbing down and depopulation agenda as described in THRIVE (at 1:33:55). Bradstreet treated 1,100 patients with GcMAF, with an 85% response rate.” Now he’s dead and the medical laboratory in Switzerland was raided by government agents and shut down.

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“As contrary as it is to how they are promoted, vaccines have been proven to be an ideal mode of transmission for covert purposes, including spreading clandestine sterilization and fatal illness. The World Health Organization, UNICEF, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control have been caught over 30 times covertly attempting to sterilize the birth age girls and women of various populations in Africa, Mexico, South America and the Philippines. Recently in the Mexican town of La Pimienta, 53 children were vaccinated for tuberculosis, rotavirus and hepatitis B — the same strains targeted by U.S. vaccines for children. 75% of the town’s children ended up in the hospital or dead.”

“The suppression of treatments and cures developed by Royal Rife, Rene Caisse, Harry Hoxey, and Max Gerson. These holistic practitioners, and others are being harassed, threatened, covertly radiated with ELF waves (Extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation), and who have had attempts on their lives.”

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According to Health Nuts News in March 12, 2016 Erin Elizabeth reported in her “Holistic Doctor Death Series: Over 60 Dead In Just Over A Year” Erin Elizabeth’s investigative reporting on this topic spearheaded this topic of the cover up and the murder of these lifesaving doctors, and should be commended and many other bloggers and websites that have and will be covering this targeting of holistic and alterative doctors and health care providers!

David Wolfe in his blog reported in September 2015: “29 Holistic Doctors/Practitioners Found Poisoned, Some Nearly Dead. Another Attack on Alternative Medicine?”

“Authorities in Germany are still trying to determine how 29 people were simultaneously drugged with toxic doses of amphetamines. Some left nearly dead, as rescue crews hurried to save their lives. According to a report from US News, the incident took place at a homeopathic conference on Saturday in Handeloh, Germany. At 2:25 p.m., an emergency call for help was placed at the convention center, and within 90 minutes, 150 first responders arrived at a horrifying scene. 29 people—who reportedly practice holistic and naturopathic medicine—were found in varying states of agony. The victims, aged between 24 and 56, were “suffering from delusions, breathing problems, racing hearts and cramps, some in life-threatening conditions, according to the public broadcaster NDR. According to reports, the victims of the mass-poisoning were described as “alternative and homeopathic practitioners.” And this is where this story becomes particularly unsettling.

Although complete details on the incident are still pending, this massive threat to the lives of holistic doctors and naturopaths prompts concerns about a potential deliberate sabotage. Especially in light of recent events involving the mysterious deaths/disappearances of well-known alternative doctors.”

“An enzyme protein produced by cancer causing cells, called “Nagalase” is being added to vaccines which are being given to humans. Nagalease prevents vitamin D from being produced in the body, which the body needs to destroy cancer cells.” This is being done intentionally, and the doctors that have been murdered were ready to go public with this information. The laws are made that all children must be injected to attend school.” (Jack Murphy, 2017) Neon Needle.com.

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I urge my readers to investigate, research and be aware as these facts unfold for this is not just about doctors, but about us all as a people. Stay well and stay informed!

Credits:

Erin Elizabeth/Health Nut News

Jack Murphy/Neon Needle.com

David Wolfe

Alfred Adler’s Theories on Individual Psychology: On Feelings of Inferiority and the Striving for Superiority.

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Alfred W. Adler (1870-1937) was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology.

Alfred W. Adler’s theory’s on individual Psychology is a model of personality and a theory of psychopathology which forms the foundation of a method for mind development and personal growth. Adler observed that people who had organ defects tried to compensate their short comings with intense training, which Adler theorized that it was the attitude and not the defect which produced the exaggerated striving. Adler’s theory on organ inferiority in men says that feelings of unmanliness causes exaggerated strivings in men.

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Adler also stated that superiority is equated with masculine behavior and assertiveness as well as independence and dominance while inferiority is equated with female behavior and passivity, submissiveness and dependence. It is interesting that Adler was very egalitarian in his views while proposing these archetypical theories, and believed that gender bias should be eliminated. Adler also stated that society was the blame for woman being for being placed in an inferior position, and that woman often tried to overcome this inadequacy by mimicking male behavior such as cussing, acting tough and swaggering in a form of masculine protest, with lesbianism being an extreme form of this.

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Psychological types:

“Adler identified a handful of personality “types” that he distinguished based on the different levels of energy he felt they manifested. These types to Adler were by no means absolutes, it should be noted; Adler, the devout individualist, saw them only as heuristic devices.”

The first type is the ruling type: These people are characterized early on by a tendency to be generally aggressive and dominant over others, possessing an intense energy that overwhelms anything or anybody who gets in their way. These people are not always bullies or sadists, however; some turn the energy inward and harm themselves, such as is the case with alcoholics, drug addicts, and those who commit suicide.

The second type is the leaning type: Individuals of this type are sensitive, and while they may put a shell up around themselves to protect themselves, they end up relying on others to carry them through life’s challenges. They lack energy, in essence, and depend on the energy of others. They are also prone to phobias, anxieties, obsessions and compulsions, general anxiety, dissociation, etc.

The third type is the avoiding type: People of this type have such low energy they recoil within themselves to conserve it, avoiding life as a whole, and other people in particular. In extreme cases, these people develop psychosis—the end result of entirely retreating into one’s self.

Adler also believed in a fourth type.

The socially useful type: People of this type are basically healthy individuals, possessed of adequate, but not overbearing, social interest and energy. They are able to give to others effectively as they are not so consumed by a sense of inferiority that they cannot look properly outside of themselves.

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Later Adler expanded on the concept of “organ inferiority” and thought that all of us at one time or another have feeling of social and psychological inferiority, which he theorized that began with our early participation in family life.  Adler wrote that if we acknowledge that we all inferior in different areas and points in our lives can serve as a catalyst for asking for help when needed, and giving help asked by others. In conclusion one of Adler’s quotes seems appropriate,

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“Every individual represents a unity of personality and the individual than fashions that unity. The individual is thus both the picture and the artist. Therefore if one can change one’s concept of self, they can change the picture being painted.”